Revised 8/16/99


In their own words, on the Trilateral Commission from

"The Trilateral Commission was formed in 1973 by private citizens of Japan, Europe (European Union countries) and North America (United States and Canada) to foster closer cooperation among these principal democratic industrialized areas with shared leadership responsibilities in the wider international system. Originally established for three years, our work has been renewed for successive triennia (three-year periods), most recently for a new triennium to be completed in 2000.

When the first triennium of the Trilateral Commission was launched in 1973, the most immediate purpose was to draw together—at a time of considerable friction among governments—the highest level unofficial group possible to look together at the common problems facing our three areas. At a deeper level, there was a sense that the United States was no longer in such a singular leadership position as it had been in earlier post-World War II years, and that a more shared form of leadership—including Europe and Japan in particular—would be needed for the international system to navigate successfully the major challenges of the coming years. These purposes continue to inform the Commission’s work. The rise of Japan and progress of the European Union over the intervening years—particularly in the world economy—have validated the vision of the Commission’s founders. At the same time, the end of the Cold War and other broad changes call for a fresh vision of what this outward-looking partnership can accomplish. The opportunities are remarkable, but part of the "glue" holding our regions together has dissolved with the welcome end of the old Soviet threat. Helping think through the leadership challenges our countries face is at the heart of the Trilateral Commission’s work.…..

The project work of the Trilateral Commission generally involves teams of authors from our three regions working together for a year or so on draft reports which are discussed in draft form in the annual meeting and then published. The authors typically consult with many others in the course of their work. The task force reports (Triangle Papers) to the Trilateral Commission have covered a wide range of topics…."

CFR means the person is also listed as a member of the Council on Foreign Relations (see the DSL:CFR section for more information)


Paul A. Allaire, Chairman, CEO, Xerox Corp. – CFR DIRECTOR

Paul A. Allaire joined Xerox in 1966 as a financial analyst in Rochester, N.Y. He was with Rank Xerox Ltd. in London for 11 years, serving as managing director from 1980 to 1983. He was named senior vice president and chief staff officer of Xerox in July 1983, was elected president and a member of the board in August 1986, became CEO in August 1990, and was named chairman in May 1991. He is a member of the board of directors of Lucent Technologies, J.P. Morgan & Co. Inc., Sara Lee Corporation, SmithKline Beecham p.l.c. and the Ford Foundation. He also serves on the boards of the Council on Competitiveness, the Council on Foreign Relations, the New York City Ballet, and Catalyst. He is a member of the Business Council, the Business Roundtable and the National Academy of Engineering, and is a trustee of Carnegie Mellon University. He earned a bachelor of science degree in electrical engineering from WPI in 1960 and a master of science in industrial administration from Carnegie Mellon in 1966. In 1985 he received WPI's Robert H. Goddard Alumni Award for Outstanding Professional Achievement. Allaire has served as chair of the FIRST executive board since 1994. He is now a trustee of both Worcester Polytechnic Institute and Carnegie Mellon University.

Graham Allison, Prof. Of Gov., Harvard Univ. – CFR

Allison is director of the Center for Science and International Affairs at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University. He was assistant Secretary of Defense in the Bush Administration and serves as advisor/consultant to Secretary of Defense William Perry Dillon professor of government Graham Allison '62, Ph.D. '68, director of the Center for Science and International Affairs (CSIA) at the Kennedy School of Government. American Foreign Policy Council, Washington, D.C. Former Assistant Defense Secretary Graham Allison, who was in charge of U.S. aid for Russian military reform while serving in the first Clinton Administration. 1988 He acknowledged that major controversies that have arisen at the school under Allison's administration--over such matters as awarding a public service medal to Edwin Meese, former U.S. Attorney General, and bargaining university offices for major donations--represented a series of wrong judgments on questions of principle 'that I would not like to see repeated.'" -- Harvard University President Derek Bok on Kennedy School Government head Graham Allison. From the December 27 Boston Globe. Graham Allison, Owen Cote, Richard Falkenrath and Stephen Miller in Avoiding Nuclear Anarchy: Containing the Threat of Loose Russian Nuclear Weapons and Fissile Material (MIT Press 1996). Graham Allison, Harvard professor and Mr Clinton's former Assistant Defence Secretary, warned: "It is perfectly feasible to imagine that after one of the bad scenarios that could easily occur you'll have zero support for this." Defending the United States Against Weapons of Mass Destruction Unpublished memorandum to the United States Senate, 2 June 1997.

Winter/Spring 98 A HOST OF NATIONAL FIGURES and key policymakers came to Cambridge in late October to kick off a two-day symposium to inaugurate the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs. "This is another milestone," said Graham Allison, director of the BCSIA, "in an ongoing renewal of the center in which we are recommitting ourselves to our core mission. As we reinvent our strategy and our programs, we’re realizing that mission." ….In the midst of Saturday’s sessions, an historic and hotly debated speech, protested by many, was delivered by Chinese President Jiang Zemin. It was televised live from Harvard’s Sanders Theater. …. The BCSIA - renamed in recognition of the generosity of Robert and Renée Belfer - "has now assembled a critical mass of outstanding scholars and practitioners and should thus be much better able to stretch toward the objectives for which it was originally created," said Allison…."

Dwayne O. Andreas, Chairman, CEO, Archer Midland Daniels - CFR
Rand V. Araskog, Dir. Shell, ITT - CFR
Robert Bartley Wall Street Journal - CFR
John Brademas, Dir. Texaco , New York University - CFR
Zbigniew Brzezinski, Prof., Johns Hopkins - CFR

Formerly the National Security Advisor to President Jimmy Carter and is now also counselor for the Center for Strategic and International Studies and professor of American Foreign Policy at the Paul Nitze School of Advanced International Studies. I also found this paragraph about Brzezinski's role with the Trilateral Commission: "Upon reading the 1970 book Between Two Ages, David Rockefeller lured its writer, Professor Zbigniew Brzezinski, away from Columbia University to become the Chairman and co-founder of the Trilateral Commission. Brzezinski, who later became the mastermind of Jimmy Carter's foreign affairs and national security blunders, is still looked to as a policy guru by the liberal media today…. [Eric Barger, "The New World Order Under Clinton: Establishment Insiders and Political Deceit," The Christian World Report, May 1993, pg. 7.]"

James E. Burke, Chairman, CEO Em., Johnson & Johnson - CFR
D. Wayne Calloway, Chairman, CEO, Pepsico
Frank C. Carlucci, Vice Chmn., The Carlyle Group - CFR

Chairman and a Partner in The Carlyle Group, a Washington, D.C. based merchant bank. Prior to joining The Carlyle Group in 1989, Carlucci served as Secretary of Defense from 1987 - 1988. He served as President Reagan’s National Security Advisor in 1987. Before returning to Government service, Carlucci was Chairman and CEO of Sears World Trade, a business he joined in 1983. His Government service included positions as Deputy Secretary of Defense (1980 - 82), Deputy Director of Central Intelligence (1978 - 80), Ambassador to Portugal (1975 - 78), Under Secretary of Health Education and Welfare (1973 - 75), Deputy Director of OMB (1970 - 72), and Director of the Office of Economic Opportunity (1969). Carlucci was a Foreign Service Officer from 1956 to 1980. Carlucci serves on the following corporate boards: Ashland, Inc.; BDM International, Inc.; East New York Savings Bank; General Dynamics Corporation; Kaman Corporation; Neurogen Corporation; Northern Telecom Limited; The Quaker Oats Company; SunResorts, Ltd., N.V.; Texas Biotechnology Corporation; Pharmacia & Upjohn, Inc.; Westinghouse Electric Corporation; and the Board of Trustees for the RAND Corporation. Among his awards and honors are: Herbert Roback Memorial Award, 1989; George C. Marshall Award, 1989; Honorary Doctor of Laws Degree, University of Scranton, 1989; Woodrow Wilson Award, 1988; James Forrestal Award, 1988; Presidential Citizens Award, 1983; National Intelligence Distinguished Service Medal, 1981; Defense Department Distinguished Civilian Service Award, 1977; Health, Education and Welfare Distinguished Civilian Service Award, 1975; and State Department Superior Service Award, 1971.

John H. Chafee (R-RI) - CFR
William Clinton President – CFR, Rhodes Scholar
William S. Cohen (R-ME) Secty Defense – CFR

William S. Cohen is the current Secretary of Defense appointed by President William Jefferson Clinton in 1997. …. receiving his B.A in Latin from Bowdoin College in 1962. He attended Boston University Law School where he got his LL. B cum laude in 1965... He practiced law in Bangor from 1966 to 1672, where he became the Mayor for a brief time (1971-1972). He was the Republican senator from Maine from 1979 to 1997. He was also in the House of representatives where, in 1974, he cast a crucial vote to bring impeachment charges against Richard Nixon in connection with the Watergate scandal. He then won the election to the Senate of the United States in 1978, where he established a reputation as a moderate and bipartisan activist.As a member of the Senate Armed Services and Governmental Affairs Committee, he backed Ronald Regan's defense buildup, the MX missile project, and expanded navel forces. But he also opposed the construction of the space station and increased numbers of B-52 aircraft. As Chairman of the Committee on Aging, Cohen wanted to protect the elderly from fraud, from paying too much for prescription medication, and especially from medical overcharges. Cohen also served on the Senate Select Committee of Intelligence from 1983-1991, then again from 1995-1997. He was the vice chairman of this committee from 1987-1991.Cohen has also been a leader on both military issues and international relations. He served on the board of directors of the Council on Foreign Relations from 1989-1997, where he chaired the council's Middle East study group. He has also chaired and served on numerous study groups and committees at the Center for Strategic and International Studies. In 1986, he had an influential voice on defense and international security issues. Secretary Cohen played a leading role in crafting the Goldwater-Nichols Defense Reorganization Act of 1986. In 1984, he was the Senate sponsor of the GI Bill. His efforts led to the creation of the Rapid Deployment Force, which later developed into the Central Command, and the maritime pre-position program, both of which were important to the success of the Gulf War. From the Competition in Contracting Act of 1984, which he authored, to the enactment of the Federal Acquisition Reform Act of 1996, he has been in the forefront of reforming the federal government's procurement process.

William J. Crowe, Jr., Dir. Texaco - CFR
Lester Crystal NBC - CFR
Gerald L. Curtis, Prof. Poli Sci, Columbia Univ. - CFR
Lynn Davis, Under Sec. for International Security Affairs Dept State VP, Dir., Rand Corp - CFR
John M. Deutch, Institute Professor, MIT - CFR
Dianne Feinstein (D-CA)

U.S. SENATOR DIANNE FEINSTEIN (Democrat, California) ELECTED OFFICE: United States Senator, first elected November 4, 1992 Re-elected November 8, 1994 for a six-year term….received a B.A. in History from Stanford University in 1955 where she served as Student Body Vice-President from 1954 to 1955. She is married to Richard C. Blum, Chairman of Richard C. Blum & Associates, Chairman of the American Himalayan Foundation and Honorary Consul General of Nepal. Her daughter, Katherine, is a Deputy City Attorney in San Francisco…..The first woman to serve as President of the San Francisco Board of Supervisors; San Francisco's first woman Mayor, the first woman to be nominated by a major party for Governor of California, among the first women to be considered for selection as a Vice Presidential nominee for a major party, and the first woman elected to represent California in the United States Senate…. Was appointed by then-Governor Pat Brown to serve on the California Women's Parole Board from 1960 to 1966. …In 1968, she also served as a member of the San Francisco Committee on Crime.In 1969… In November of 1978, in the aftermath of the assassinations of Mayor George Moscone and Board colleague Harvey Milk, Dianne Feinstein became Mayor of San Francisco. Advancing San Francisco's unique position as the gateway to the Pacific Rim, she pioneered the establishment of sister city relationships with major trading cities in Asia, Europe and Africa. As a member of the Senate Judiciary Committee, she authored the Gun Free Schools Act with Senator Byron Dorgan (D-ND) and the Hate Crimes Sentencing Enhancement Act, legislation signed into law in 1994 to rid our schools of guns and increase penalties against hate crimes. That same year, Dianne Feinstein won one of the toughest battles of her career with passage of her legislation banning the manufacture, sale and possession of military-style assault weapons... Since 1994, Senator Feinstein has sought to strengthen the assault weapons ban by convincing President Clinton to sign an executive order to stop 59 types cosmetically adjusted imported assault weapons from coming into the country. This action has helped eliminate over 1.8 million of these weapons from being sold here in the United States…. Other important legislation by Senator Feinstein includes the California Desert Protection Act, protecting some of the most spectacular desert lands in the world; the Small Business Defense Conversion Guarantee Act...

Martin S. Feldstein, Prof. Econ, Harvard Univ. – CFR DIRECTOR
Stephen Friedman, Sr., VP, Co-Chairman, Goldman, Sachs - CFR
Richard N. Gardner, Prof. Law, Columbia Univ. - CFR
David Gergen U.S. News & World Report: - CFR
Louis V. Gerstner, Jr., Chairman, CEO, RJR Nabisco - CFR DIRECTOR

Louis V. Gerstner left RJR Nabisco to become Chairman and CEO of IBM on April 1, 1993. Here's a short clip from his bio: Mr. Gerstner is a director of Bristol-Myers Squibb Co. And The New York Times Co., and previously served on the boards of American Express, AT&T and Caterpillar, Inc. He is a member of The Business Roundtable, serving on its policy committee, and a member of the Business Council. He is also a member of the board of Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, the American China Society, and the Council on Foreign Relations. He serves as a member of the president's National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee and the Advisory Committee for Trade Policy and Negotiations.

Joseph T. Gorman, Chairman, Pres, CEO, TRW Inc. – CFR

Chairman and Chief Executive Officer TRW Inc. Joseph T. Gorman became chairman and chief executive officer of TRW Inc. in December 1988, after serving as president and chief operating officer since January 1985. He has been a director of the company since 1984…. Mr. Gorman, a past chairman and current member of the U.S.-Japan Business Council, received Japan's 1994 Prime Minister's Trade Award for his contributions to promoting improved U.S.-Japanese trade relations. He serves on the boards of the U.S.-China Business Council and The Prince of Wales Business Leaders Forum and is a member of the Center for Strategic and International Studies and the Trilateral Commission. He is a member of the Society of Automotive Engineers and of FISITA and was vice chairman of the U.S.- Canada Automotive Select Panel, where he chaired the panel's report on the competitiveness of the North American automobile industry. Mr. Gorman is a director of the Aluminum Company of America and The Procter & Gamble Company. He is a trustee of the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award Foundation and the Committee for Economic Development and serves as vice chairman of The Business Roundtable. He is a member of the National Security Telecommunications Advisory Committee, the President's Export Council, the Council on Foreign Relations, The Business Roundtable's Policy and Planning committees, the World Economic Forum, the National Bureau of Economic Research, the Business Council, and the Cleveland Council on World Affairs. In addition, he serves as an executive committee member of the Ohio Business Roundtable, co-chair of the Joint Automotive/Supplier Governmental Action Council, and senior member of The Conference Board.

Katharine Graham Associated Press – CFR

(1993) Retired Editor and Chairwoman of THE WASHINGTON POST Graham recounts her sheltered girlhood as the daughter of a self-made millionaire and his formidable, egotistical wife; her education at Vassar at the University of Chicago; her early work at a San Francisco newspaper; and her marriage to the brilliant and politically ambitious Philip Graham, at the time a clerk to Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter. After her husband's suicide, which followed his harrowing descent into manic-depressive illness, Katharine Graham stepped abruptly out of her supporting role as wife and mother to take over as publisher of The Washington Post. The Washington Post, an ailing newspaper acquired by Katharine Graham's father at public auction in 1933 and brought, under her own stewardship, to national prominence with such epoch-making media events as the Pentagon Papers and Watergate…. Katharine Graham found a truly productive partnership with Ben Bradlee; in many ways he seems to have been an integral part of her success at the paper.By 1993, when Graham stepped down as chair of the Washington Post Company, her wise stewardship had not only secured the paper’s reputation, it had turned the company into a $1.5 billion media empire. In 1998, at 80, she garnered yet another honor, winning the Pulitzer prize for her autobiography, Personal History…."

Maurice R. Greenberg, Chairman, CEO, American International Group - CFR DIRECTOR
Alan Greenspan, Chairman Federal Reserve - CFR
Lee H. Hamilton (D-IN) - CFR
Robert D. Hass, Chairman, CEO, Levi Strauss
David J. Hennigar, Chairman, Crownx, Vice Chairman, Crown Life
Robert D. Hormats, Vice Chairman, Goldman Sachs Int. – CFR DIRECTOR
James Houghton CBS Chairman, CEO, Corning Inc. – CFR

There are Houghtons intertwined with "Corning" (the town, the university, the company) everywhere. For ex., the library at Corning Community College is named Arthur A. Houghton Jr. Library. James R. Houghton is Chairman and CEO of Corning Glass Works, producer of fiber optics for cable managers in the U.S. and Russia. James' older brother is none other than U.S. Rep. Amo (Amory) Houghton (RINO Congressman from the 31st Congressional Dist. in NY, who was very outspoken during the Clinton impeachment hearings to the effect of "let's move on" and "the American people aren't interested" (that sort of thing), and who "turned the family's Corning, Inc. over to his brother (see #369 James Houghton) in 1983 to become a New York Republican congressman. He told Mother Jones: "I pushed for the PAC concept when I was in business, so that businesspeople would have a stake in the political process. I have a particular goal of getting more businesspeople in. We should be down there. I want to encourage others to come here, promote their products, give themselves to the process."

Bobby R. Inman, Chmn., Dallas Fed. Res. Bank - CFR
Samuel C. Johnson, Dir. Mobil Oil
W. Thomas Johnson, Pres. CNN - CFR
Vernon E. Jordan, Jr. American Express - CFR
Donal M. Kendall,Dir. ARCO - CFR
Donald R. Keough, President, CEO, The Coca Cola Co.
Henry A. Kissinger American Express Kissinger Associates - CFR
Thomas G. Labrecque, Chairman & CEO Chase Manhattan - CFR
Jim Leach (R-IA) - CFR
Winston Lord, Asst. Sec., East Asian & Pacific Affairs Dept State - CFR
Whitney Macmillan, Chairman, CEO, Cargill, Inc.
Jay Mazur, International Ladies' Garment Workers Union - CFR
Robert S. McNamara, Former President, The World Bank - CFR

The former Secretary of Defense under Pres. Kennedy and Johnson (read: VIETNAM ESCALATION). 1916–, U.S. Secretary of Defense (1961–68), b. San Francisco. He taught (1940–43) business administration at Harvard, served in World War II, and was (1946–60) an executive of the Ford Motor Company, where he was responsible for many of the managerial and product changes that enabled the company to regain its high rank among the nation's corporations. In Nov., 1960, he became the first president of the corporation who was not a member of the Ford family, but he resigned shortly afterward to become (Jan., 1961) President Kennedy's secretary of defense. McNamara introduced modern management techniques in the Defense Dept. and asserted civilian control over the defense establishment. He also shifted U.S. military strategy away from heavy reliance on nuclear weaponry and strengthened conventional fighting capacity. Although he at first supported escalation of the Vietnam War, growing doubts about the war led McNamara to resign from the cabinet. From 1968 to 1981 he was president of the World Bank. McNamara wrote The Essence of Security (1968) and One Hundred Countries, Two Billion People (1973).

Allan E. Murray, Chairman & President Mobil Oil - CFR
Joseph S. Nye, Jr., Prof. Int'l Affairs, Harvard Univ. - CFR
Robert D. Putnam, Prof. Politics, Havard Univ. - CFR
Charles B. Rangel (D-NY) - CFR
Lee R. Raymond, President EXXON - CFR
Charles S. Robb (D-VA) - CFR
John D. Rockefeller, IV (D-WV) - CFR
Henry Rosovsky, Prof. Harvard Univ. - CFR
William Roth, Jr. (R-DE) - CFR
William D. Ruckelshaus, Chairman, CEO, Browning-Ferris Ind.

William D. Ruckershaus, Chairman, CEO, Browning-Ferris Ind.

Watergate Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox requests that the Supreme Court instruct Nixon to surrender the White House tapes. Nixon refuses to hand over the tapes and instead, decides to get rid of Cox. According to Pat Buchanan, Nixon's speech writer, Cox was an "out and out partisan" who was trying to make a name for himself. October 20, 1973 Nixon tells Alexander Haig, replacement of H.R. Haldeman as White House Chief-of-Staff, to order Attorney-General Elliott Richardson to dismiss Cox for insubordination. Richardson refuses and instead offers his own resignation. Haig then orders Deputy Attorney General William Ruckelshaus to dismiss Cox, saying, "this is an order from your Commander-in-Chief". Ruckelshaus refuses and is subsequently fired. Eventually, Solicitor-General Robert Bork dismisses Cox and the Watergate Special Prosecutor's office is abolished. FBI are sent to seal off the files in Cox's office, as well as the files in Richardson's and Ruckelshaus' office.

Mr. Ruckelshaus is Chairman of Browning-Ferris Industries, Inc. He was twice the EPA Administrator and served as Deputy Attorney General of the United States. In addition, he held the positions of Majority Leader of the Indiana House of Representatives, Acting Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and Senior Vice President of Weyerhaeuser Company. He is a graduate of Princeton University and Harvard Law School

Henry Schacht CBS - CFR
William Scranton New York Times Co.: - CFR
Donna Shalala Secretary of Health & Human Services - CFR
Albert Shanker, Pres., American Federation Of Teachers
George P. Shultz, Hon. Fellow, Stanford Univ. Sec. of State under Pres. Ronald Reagan, from 1982 on – CFR

1920–, American public official, b. New York City, grad. Princeton Univ., 1942, Ph.D., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1949. A professor of industrial relations, Shultz taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (1946–57) and the Univ. of Chicago (1957–68). Under President Nixon, he served as Secretary of Labor (1969–70), Director of the Office of Management and Budget (1970–72), and Secretary of the Treasury (1972–74). After several years in private business, he served as Secretary of State (1982–89) in President Reagan's administration.

Anthony M. Solomon Federal Reserve - CFR
R.W. Sonnenfeidt NBC - CFR
Joan Edelman Spero American Express - CFR
S. Frederick Starr - CFR
Barry F. Sullivan First National Bank of Chicago -
Peter Tanoff, Under Sec. for Political Affairs Dept State
Lester C. Thurow, Dean, Sloan School if Mgmt., MIT - CFR, Rhodes Scholar
Paul Voelker, North American Chairman of the Trilateral Commission Federal Reserve, Prof. Int'l Econ., Princeton Univ - CFR

Paul A. Volcker is North American Chairman of the Trilateral Commission. Mr. Volcker is former Chairman of Wolfensohn & Co., Inc. (1988-96) and Frederick H. Schultz Professor Emeritus of International Economic Policy, Princeton University (1988-96). Mr. Volcker served as Chairman of the Board of Governors of the U.S. Federal Reserve System from 1979-87. Educated at Princeton and Harvard and the London School of Economics, Mr. Volcker divided the earlier stages of his career between the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, Chase Manhattan Bank, and the Treasury Department. He is a director, trustee, or member of several corporations and nonprofit organizations.

Glen E. Watts, Communication Of Workers Of America - CFR
Henry Wendt, Dir. ARCO Chmn, Smith Kline Beecham
Marina V. N. Whitman, Manufacturers Hanover, General Motors - CFR
George Will Washington Post Newsweek


When the Trilateral Commission was first launched, the plan was for an equal number of members from each of the three regions. The numbers soon began to grow, and ceilings were imposed in about 1980. The European ceiling has been raised somewhat since then as new countries came to be represented in the group. The European group now has a ceiling of 150 members. The ceiling for the North American group is 100, including 15 Canadian members and 85 U.S. members. The Japanese group has a ceiling of 85 members. To help preserve the Commission’s unofficial character, members who take up positions in their national Administration give up Trilateral Commission membership. New members are chosen on a national basis. The procedures used for rotation off and for invitation of new members vary from national group to national group. Three Chairmen (one from each region), Deputy Chairmen and Directors constitute the leadership of the Trilateral Commission, along with an Executive Committee including 36 other members. The full membership list is available from any of the regional offices.


Chairmen, Deputy Chairmen and Directors

North American Chairman: PAUL A. VOLCKER Former Chairman, Board of Governors, U.S. Federal Reserve System; former Chairman, Wolfensohn & Co., Inc.; Frederick H. Schultz Professor Emeritus of International Economic Policy, Princeton University


European Chairman: OTTO GRAF LAMBSDORFF Member of German Bundestag; Chairman, Friedrich Naumann Foundation; Honorary Chairman, Free Democratic Party; former Federal Minister of Economy and President of the Liberal International


Japanese Chairman: YOTARO KOBAYASHI Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd.

North American Deputy Chairman: ALLAN E. GOTLIEB Consultant, Stikeman Elliot; former Canadian Ambassador to the United States


European Deputy Chairman: ANTONIO GARRIGUES WALKER Chairman, Garrigues & Anderson, Madrid

Japanese Deputy Chairman: SHIJURO OGATA Senior Advisor, Yamaichi Securities Company, Ltd.

Founder and Honorary Chairman: DAVID ROCKEFELLER

North American Director: CHARLES B. HECK European Director: PAUL RÉVAY Japanese Director: TADASHI YAMAMOTO


Executive Committee

Michel Albert, Membre de l’Institut de France; Member of the Council for Monetary Policy of the Banque de France, Paris; former Chairman, Assurances Générales de France Stelios Argyros, Member of the European Parliament; Vice-President of UNICE, Brussels; former President of the Greek Employers Confederation, Athens

C. Fred Bergsten, Director, Institute for International Economics; former U.S. Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs Georges Berthoin, International Honorary Chairman, European Movement; Honorary European Chairman, The Trilateral Commission, Paris

Jorge Braga de Macedo, Professor of Economics, Nova University at Lisbon; Chairman, Forum Portugal Global; former Minister of Finance

Zbigniew Brzezinski, Counselor, Center for Strategic and International Studies; Robert Osgood Professor of American Foreign Affairs, Nitze School of Advanced International Studies, John Hopkins University; former U.S. Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs

Hervé de Carmoy, Chairman, Banque Industrielle et Mobilière Privée, Paris; former Chief Executive, Société Générale de Belgique Umberto Colombo, Chairman, Fondation LEAD (Leadership for Environment and Development), Rome; former Italian Minister for Universities, Science and Technology

Jessica P. Einhorn, Managing Director for Finance and Resource Mobilization, World Bank Koichiro Ejiri, Senior Advisor to the Board, Mitsui & Co., Ltd.

Oscar Fanjul, Honorary Chairman, Repsol, Madrid L. Yves Fortier, Senior Partner, Ogilvy Renault, Barristers & Solicitors, Montreal; former Canadian Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the United Nations

Paolo Fresco, Vice Chairman of the Board and Executive Officer, The General Electric Company

Toyoo Gyohten, President, The Institute for International Monetary Affairs; Senior Advisor, The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi, Ltd.

Robert D. Haas, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Levi Strauss & Co.

Miguel Herrero de Miñon, Lawyer, International Consultant; Member of the Royal Spanish Academy of Political and Moral Sciences; former Member of Spanish Parliament

Takashi Hosomi, Chairman, NLI Research Institute; former Chairman, The Overseas Economic Cooperation Fund

Max Jakobson, Independent Consultant and Senior Columnist, Helsinki; former Finnish Ambassador to the United Nations; former Chairman of the Finnish Council of Economic Organizations

Baron Daniel Janssen, Chairman of the Executive Committee, Solvay, Brussels

Sir Michael Jenkins, Vice Chairman, Kleinwort Benson Group, London; former British Ambassador

Henry Kissinger, Chairman, Kissinger Associates, Inc; former U.S. Secretary of State; former Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs

Cees Maas, Member of the Executive Board and Chief Financial Officer of the ING Group, Amsterdam; former Treasurer of the Dutch Government

Minoru Makihara, President, Mitsubishi Corporation

Kiichi Miyazawa, Member of the House of Representatives; former Prime Minister of Japan

Mario Monti, Member of the European Commission, Brussels; former President & Rector, Bocconi University, Milan

Minoru Murofushi, President and Chief Executive Officer, ITOCHU Corporation

Joseph S. Nye, Jr., Dean, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University; former U.S. Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs

Yoshio Okawara, Executive Advisor, Keidanren (Japan Federation of Economic Organizations); former Ambassador to the United States

Kiichi Saeki, Senior Advisor, Institute for International Policy Studies

Guido Schmidt-Chiari, Chairman, Constantia Group; former Chairman, Creditanstalt Bankverein, Vienna

Peter Shore, Member of the House of Lords, London

Myles Staunton, Member of Senate, Irish Republic

Thorvald Stoltenberg, Former Co-Chairman (UN) of the Steering Committee of the International Conference on Former Yugoslavia; former Foreign Minister of Norway; Ambassador of Norway to Denmark

Björn Svedberg, Chairman, Ericsson, Stockholm; former President and Group Chief Executive, Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken

Niels Thygesen, Professor of Economics, Economics Institute, University of Copenhagen

Norbert Wieczorek, Member of the German Bundestag; Chairman of the Committee for European Union Affairs, Bonn

Otto Wolff von Amerongen, Chairman, East Committee of the German Industry; Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Otto Wolff Industrieberatung und Beteiligung, Cologne